The Agriculture of South Sudan has been predominately rural-based and subsistent in nature. Currently there is no mechanized or commercial large-scale farming activities in the region and almost all of the food items plus non-food items are imported.
South Sudan has great agricultural potential. Of its 82 million-hectare (202,626,000 millions of acres) land surface, more than half is estimated to be suitable for agriculture. Some common agricultural products include pineapple, cotton, groundnuts; sorghum, millet, wheat, cotton, sweet potatoes, mangoes, pawpaw, sugarcane, cassava, and sesame. These are currently produced on a very small scale.
The majority of indigenous communities are pastoralists with an estimated eight million cattle. Additionally, there are millions of poultry, goats, pigs, horses, donkeys, sheep and other animals that are not regulated by the government.
Despite huge water bodies in South Sudan, commercial fishing remains largely untapped. Fish species include Nile perch, tilapia, catfish, mudfish, lungfish, moon fish (opah) and electric fish and many other species inhabit the River Nile, lakes, swamps and ponds.
Natural forests and woodlands cover 29 per cent of the total land area of South Sudan. Currently, commercial exploitation is limited only to teak, natural mahogany and gum.
South Sudan Background Information
The Republic of South Sudan (ROSS) with an area of 619,745 km2 (385,092 mi2) is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Uganda and Kenya to the southeast, Democratic Republic of Congo to the southwest and Central African Republic to the west. Its climate is Equatorial climate with high humidity at the wet season and lots of rainfall.
The rainy season varies but is generally between April and November. Temperatures are moderate but vary depending on the season. The terrain is mainly plain but interrupted every so often by hilly areas with thick equatorial vegetation and savannah grasslands.
South Sudan also has mountainous ranges along its border with Uganda. Some of these include Imatong, Didinga and Dongotona, which rise more than 3,000 meters (9,842.52 Feet) above sea level.
Mineral resources include petroleum, iron ore, gold, silver, copper, aluminum, coal, uranium, chromium ore, copper, zinc, mica, diamond, quartz and tungsten. The River Nile is the dominant geographic feature in South Sudan, flowing across the country.
This is a replicable agricultural/economic development program that teaches animal husbandry, innovative farming techniques for growing sustenance and revenue crops, crop marketing and revenue management. The program requires that a percentage of revenue be collectively banked to “seed” duplicate programs in neighboring villages.