The genesis of these tribal-based conflicts is hard to pinpoint because it stems in part from a strategy of incitement by Khartoum. One contributing factor is that some citizens of South Sudan believe that it is part of their tradition that men must prove their manhood by acquiring material wealth, even if that means killing in order to steal cattle.
Another factor is that some see the ongoing violence as an opportunity to avenge the killing of their community members and to obtain the return of children and women abducted by other tribes.
A final factor is that in recent years, these conflicts have been turning into poverty wars, in which those who feel unable to support themselves and their families attack and loot other tribes. Regardless of the exact mix of contributing factors, the killing in Jonglei goes on, and it is critical to stop it.
In response to this crisis, South Sudan Nation Builders (SSNB) will be working to help Jonglei tribes develop the skills and courage to solve their tribal-based conflicts. The ultimate goal is for the tribes to live peacefully and respectfully with one another.
This program will provide a forum for leaders to engage in conflict resolution actions, addressing tribal issues and ensuring solid leadership protocols; develop community, and tribal committees to eliminate violence through learned negotiation, arbitration and conflict resolution techniques.
PEACE & RECONSILIATION
Jonglei State, like other states in South Sudan, has experienced tribal turmoil both before and since the country achieved independence on July 9, 2011. Many citizens of the state have lost their lives in this violence, irrespective of whether their role has been as aggressors or victims.
South Sudan Background Information
The Republic of South Sudan (ROSS) with an area of 619,745 km2 (385,092 mi2) is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Uganda and Kenya to the southeast, Democratic Republic of Congo to the southwest and Central African Republic to the west. Its climate is Equatorial climate with high humidity at the wet season and lots of rainfall.
The rainy season varies but is generally between April and November. Temperatures are moderate but vary depending on the season. The terrain is mainly plain but interrupted every so often by hilly areas with thick equatorial vegetation and savannah grasslands.
South Sudan also has mountainous ranges along its border with Uganda. Some of these include Imatong, Didinga and Dongotona, which rise more than 3,000 meters (9,842.52 Feet) above sea level.
Mineral resources include petroleum, iron ore, gold, silver, copper, aluminum, coal, uranium, chromium ore, copper, zinc, mica, diamond, quartz and tungsten. The River Nile is the dominant geographic feature in South Sudan, flowing across the country.
This is a replicable agricultural/economic development program that teaches animal husbandry, innovative farming techniques for growing sustenance and revenue crops, crop marketing and revenue management. The program requires that a percentage of revenue be collectively banked to “seed” duplicate programs in neighboring villages.